Water management – including collection, transportation, storage, treatment, and disposal – costs have increased along with production and can also be a challenge, particularly in regions where availability is relatively limited.

One way to lower water management costs is a change in completion technology. Continuous pumping, sliding sleeve completion systems can significantly reduce both water usage and management costs compared to most other systems. Lower water usage improves all stages of water management, including:

1. Water collection
2. Transportation and storage
3. Pre-frac heating
4. Post-frac millout / cleanout
5. Disposal and recycling 

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